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Tsarin Kirar Gilashi

Tsarin Kirar Gilashi

Manyan Iri Gilashi:

  • Nau'in Nau - Gilashin Mahalli
  • Nau'in II - Gilashin Soda Ruwan lemo mai magani
  • Nau'in III - Gilashin ruwan lemun tsami

Abubuwan da ake amfani da su don yin gilashi sun haɗa da kusan yashi 70% tare da takamaiman cakuda ash ash, farar ƙasa da sauran abubuwa na halitta - ya danganta da abin da kaddarorin ake so a cikin rukunin.

Lokacin ƙirƙirar gilashin ruwan lemun tsami, murƙushe, gilashin da aka sake yin amfani da shi, ko mashin, shine ƙarin abubuwan maɓalli. Yawan adadin gero da aka yi amfani da shi a cikin gilashin gilashi ya bambanta. Cullet ya narke a karamin zazzabi wanda ke rage yawan makamashi kuma yana bukatar karancin kayan abinci.

Gilashin borosilicate bai kamata a sake amfani dasu ba saboda gilashin da ke jure zafin wuta. Sakamakon zafin da ya ke iya sarrafawa, gilashin borosilicate ba zai narke a zazzabi ɗaya kamar gilashin Soda lemun tsami ba kuma zai canza danko na cikin wutar a lokacin sake farfadowa.

Dukkanin kayan albarkatun don yin gilashi, gami da Cars, ana ajiye su a cikin gida tsari. Ana ɗaukar nauyi na nauyi a cikin yanki mai nauyi da kuma haɗuwa sannan a ƙarshe an ɗaukaka su cikin hoppers na batir waɗanda ke ba da gilashin gilashin.

Hanyar Proaddamar da Kwandunan Gilashi:

Gilashin ƙaho kuma ana kiranta gilashin da aka gyara. A cikin ƙirƙirar gilashin busawa, ana sanya gobs na gilashin mai zafi daga tanderu zuwa injin ƙirar kuma a cikin ramuka inda iska ke tilastawa ta haifar da ƙuƙwalwar ƙirar da kuma suturar babban akwati. Da zarar an siffata su, to ana kiransu Parison. Akwai tsari guda biyu da aka rarrabe don ƙirƙirar akwati na ƙarshe:

  • Blow & Blow tsari - amfani dashi ga kwantena kwantena inda aka kirkirar kwatankwacin iska daga matattara
  • Latsa & Blow tsari- ana amfani da shi don kwantena mai ƙare diamita wanda a cikin kwatancen keɓancewa ta hanyar latsa gilashin a ƙasan bargon tare da maginin ƙarfe

Gilashin Tub an kafa shi ta hanyar ci gaba da zana tsari ta amfani da ɗayan matakan Danner ko Vello don cimma daidaitaccen kauri da kauri. Gilashin zane yana zana gilashin a kan layi na tallafi.

  • Danner tsari - gilashin yana gudana daga gobarar da tayi kama da kintinkiri
  • Tsarin Vello - gilashin yana gudana daga tukunyar tanderun a cikin kwano wanda a sa'antarsa

Tsarin Gilashin Gudanarwa

Blow da Blow tsari - Ana amfani da iska mai matsawa don samar da gob a cikin kwatanta, wanda ke tabbatar da ƙarewar wuyansa kuma yana ba da gob tsari mai kama. Sannan za a tura kwatancen zuwa wancan bangaren na injin, kuma ana amfani da iska don busa shi yadda yake so.

1

Latsa da Tsarin Busawa- an saka mai girke girke da farko, iska sannan ya biyo don samar da gob a cikin kwatanta.

A wani lokaci ana amfani da wannan hanyar don kwantena na bakin fadi, amma tare da ƙari da Tsarin Taimakon Vacuum, yanzu ana iya amfani dashi don aikace-aikacen bakin ciki kuma.

Strearfafawa da rarrabawa yana da kyau a cikin wannan hanyar samar da gilashi kuma ya ba masu masana'antu damar “abubuwa masu sauƙi” kamar kwalaben giya don kiyaye kuzari.

2

Yanayin - komai tsari, da zarar an kirkiri kwantena na gilashin, ana shigar da kwantena a cikin Annealing Lehr, inda aka dawo da zafinsu zuwa kusan 1500 ° F, sannan a hankali a rage zuwa kasa 900 ° F.

Wannan reheating da jinkirin sanyaya yana kawar da damuwa a cikin kwantena. Ba tare da wannan mataki ba, gilashin zai rushe cikin sauki.

Jiyya a Kasa - Ana amfani da magani na waje don hana abrading, wanda ke sa gilashin ya zama mafi haɗari ga fashewa. Ana shafa murfin (yawanci ana amfani da cakuda polyethylene ko tarkacen ƙarfe oxide) kuma an mai da shi a saman gilashin don samar da kwanon farin ƙarfe. Wannan murfin yana hana kwalabe su manne da juna don rage fashewar.

Tin oxide shafi ana amfani dashi azaman ƙarshen ƙarshen magani. Don maganin ƙoshin sanyi, zafin jiki na kwantena an rage zuwa tsakanin 225 zuwa 275 ° F kafin aikace-aikace. Ana iya wanke wannan murfin. Ana amfani da magani na Endarshen Abinci kafin maganin hanawa. An yi amfani da magani a cikin wannan salon a zahiri, kuma ba a wanke shi.

Jiyya na Cikin gida - Magungunan Gyara ciki (IFT) shine tsari wanda yake sanya gilashin Type III zuwa gilashin Type II kuma ana amfani dashi ga gilashin don hana fure.

Binciken Inganta - Binciken Ingancin Ingantawa na Karshe ya hada da auna nauyin kwalban da kuma auna girman kwalban ba tare da yin komai ba. Bayan barin ƙarshen sanyi na lehr, kwalabe sai su wuce ta injunan binciken lantarki waɗanda suke gano aibi. Waɗannan sun haɗa da, amma ba'a iyakance zuwa ba: ƙaddara ƙarfin ƙarar bango, gano lalacewa, ƙididdigar girma, bincika ɗamarar ƙasa, binciken bangon gefe da binciken ginin.

Don ƙarin koyo game da Laifi na Gilashin Labara & Yadda ake Binciko Glass, don Allah danna nan don karanta ƙari da sauke jagorar tunani don taimakawa ƙayyade ko akwai buƙatar damuwa game da lahani.

Misalan Blow & Blow Kwantena

  • Karatun Boston Round
  • Hannun Jugs
  • Samfuran Gilashin Man Fetur

Misalai na 'Yan Jarida da Bunkasa

  • Kwalaben Yankakken kwalba mai yalwa
  • Kwalabe Faransa
  • Karatun Karatun Matsakaici

Tsarin Gilashin Tubular Gilashi

Danner tsari

  • Yawan masu toshewa daga 1.6mm zuwa diamita 66.5mm
  • Yawan jawo har zuwa 400m a minti daya ga masu karamin girma
  • Gilashin yana gudana daga tandun goshin gabansa a cikin kaman kintinkiri, wanda ya fadi zuwa ƙarshen ƙyallen hannun riga, ana ɗaukar sahun juzuɗe ko ƙararrawa.
  • An saka kintinkiri a kusa da hannun riga don samar da wani farin launi na gilashin, wanda ke saukar da ƙasa a hannun riga da saman gefen shaft.
  • Daga nan sai aka zazzage bututun a kan wani kayan tallafi ta injin injin da ke da nisan mil 120m.
  • An ƙaddara girman girman tubalin yayin da gilashin yayi sanyi ta wurin saita shi a sashin da ba a tallatawa ba tsakanin fitilar da layin farko.

3

Tsarin Vello

  • Gilashin suna gudana daga tandun goshin gaban goshi a cikin kwano wanda aka sanya madaidaicin madaidaiciya madaidaiciya ko kararrawa da ke kewaye da ƙarar wuta.
  • Gilashin yana gudana ta hanyar sararin shekara a tsakanin kararrawa da zobe sannan yayi balaguro akan layin rollers zuwa mashin zane har sama da 120m.

4

Tube Draw Ingantaccen Kulawa
Da zarar an kammala shambura suna yin gwaje-gwaje da yawa da dubawa don tabbatar da cewa sun cika ka'idodi masu inganci. Ana gudanar da bincike na gani ta hanyar ingantaccen tsarin kyamara mai inganci don cirewar lahani. Da zarar an kafa kuma a yanke zuwa daidai siffar, an daidaita ingancin.

Misalin Gilashin Tuwo

  • Vials
  • Tubalan Gwaji

Lokacin aikawa: Jun-04-2020